Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

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Key Characteristics

  • Leaves are arranged spirally and needle shaped, two ranked, arranged laterally, small and flat, bright green above and whitish below
  • Buds are arranged intermixed with the needles becoming more dense near the end of the twig
  • Fruit is a small cone that looks like a rosette that won't stand upside-down
  • Shade tolerant, and found on acidic sites, conditions the tree can create and perpetuate because its leaves are acidic
  • Trunk with a drooping leader, like the christmas tree in the Grinch

Sourced during a field lab in Fall 2011


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Many come from Steve Baskauf at Vanderbilt University

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