Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

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Key Characteristics

  • Leaves alternate, simple, scabrous, toothed, inequilateral at the base, with a long acuminate tip
  • Bark pale in color and textured like a topo-map
  • Reproduces clonally by root collar sprouting
  • Shade intolerant, commonly found on second bottom floodplain sites in calcareous soils
  • Twig is zig-zag shaped, olive colored, with numerous, pubescent, appressed lateral buds, and a paper-bag-brown terminal bud angled to the side, like a hitchiker's thumb
  • Information presented during a field lab in Fall 2011


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Many come from Steve Baskauf at Vanderbilt University

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