Abies balsamea (balsam fir)

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Key Characteristics

  • Bark thick, acting as fireproofing
  • Fire intolerant and fire promoting by leaving flammable leaf litter and resinous twigs
  • Fruit is a shatter cone like other firs
  • Leaves are short, bright green needles, appearing two-ranked, soft, leaving circular leaf scars
  • Reproduces clonally by layering
  • Shade intolerant and situated in boreal sites
  • Twigs with lustrous buds that appear in threes

Sourced from a field lab in Fall 2011


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From Louis Landry

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